The federal government does not pay low income mothers to have babies. Critics leveled this charge against the former Aid to Families with Dependent Children program ("AFDC"). However, Congress replaced AFDC in 1996, during the Clinton Administration, with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families ("TANF") program. Like ACDF, funding under TANF is distributed to the states, which then determine whether and how to spend the funds. The federal government does not provide assistance directly to those in need. In 2016, the TANF budget totaled approximately $17 billion, or just around .4% of the federal budget. Moreover, TANF is limited; it includes a lifetime limit of five years on the amount of time a family with an adult can receive assistance funded with federal funds. The Congressional Budget Office determined that the TANF program actually has succeeded in reducing cash payments made to those receiving benefits. In 1998, approximately 65 percent of TANF funding occurred in the form of cash assistance; by 2008, that figure had been reduced to only one-third of all benefits. Benefits to help individuals work and earn a living, such as subsidized child care, now make up about one-third of all benefits, and various other incentives make up the remaining one-third. According to the CBO, over the past few years, only about one-quarter of families with income below the poverty threshold have received TANF cash assistance in a typical month. The average monthly benefit was about $400, or roughly one-third of the poverty threshold for a family of two.
You can view President Trump's proposed budget plan here. The budget plan is billed as "A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again." The path this blueprint charts includes cutting funding for the Chemical Safety Board, an independent federal agency investigating chemical accidents to protect workers, the public and the environment, and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, which consumed 0.012 percent of 2016 federal expenditures. The proposed budget also eliminates funding for the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the primary source of federal support for the nation’s 123,000 libraries and 35,000 museums. Also set to lose federal funding is the Legal Services Corporation, an independent nonprofit established by Congress in 1974 to provide financial support for civil legal aid to low-income Americans. The Legal Services Corporation provides funding to 133 independent non-profit legal aid programs in every state, the District of Columbia, and U.S. Territories. The proposed budget also cuts funding for the National Endowment for the Arts, which only receives $148 million from the government, or .004 percent of federal spending. Almost half of the NEA budget goes to state arts programs. The budget also eliminates the National Endowment for the Humanities, which was established in 1965 by President Lyndon Johnson. Another program proposed for elimination is Sea Grant, a 50 year old government program whose mission is to provide research and education programs to coastal communities that lead to the responsible use of the nation’s ocean, coastal and Great Lakes resources. Last year, Sea Grant supported coastal communities and over 20,000 jobs.
Up to 24 million Americans will lose their insurance coverage under the American Health Care Act, according to the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office. The CBO estimated that 14 million Americans will be uninsured in 2018 as a result of the AHCA. That number rises to 21 million in 2020 and 24 million by 2026. As to premiums, the CBO determined that, because of the AHCA, in the non-group market, "insurers would be allowed to generally charge five times more for older enrollees than younger ones rather than three times more as under current law, substantially reducing premiums for young adults and substantially raising premiums for older people." On average, premiums will increase through 2020 but begin to decrease thereafter.
The federal government spends less than two-tenths of one percent of its budget on pure science research. According to the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office, the 2016 federal budget reached approximately $3.9 trillion. Yet, the National Science Foundation's budget totaled only about $7.5 Billion, or .2% of the budget. The National Science Foundation aims "to promote the progress of science," largely by supporting fundamental (basic) research. The National Science Foundation has supported the research of 223 Nobel laureates.
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