The "Space Force" proposed by the Administration could cost more than $1 billion or more to start up and another $1 billion to run each year, according to the Congressional Budget Office. Although details remain few, the Administration has proposed an independent military service within the Department of the Air Force, a new combatant command, and a new agency that would develope and acquire new space systems. According to the CBO, the Department of Defense already has 23,000 positions dedicated to the nation's military space activities, not even including positions supporting intelligence services. The existing space activities include launching, operating, and maintaining satellites that are used for various purposes, such as communicating, observing the weather, and monitoring other countries’ missile launches. The CBO's billion dollar estimates cover only the increased costs of creating the proposed Space Force, and do not include the costs for the existing positions dedicated to space activities. Read the full CBO report here.
The federal government spends less than two-tenths of one percent of its budget on pure science research. According to the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office, the 2016 federal budget reached approximately $3.9 trillion. Yet, the National Science Foundation's budget totaled only about $7.5 Billion, or .2% of the budget. The National Science Foundation aims "to promote the progress of science," largely by supporting fundamental (basic) research. The National Science Foundation has supported the research of 223 Nobel laureates.
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